Water is an essential commodity in your life. You need it to keep your body hydrated and functional, to clean, to cook, and for many other purposes. However, clean water is a prerequisite for most of these functions, especially drinking. Water often gets contaminated in various ways, including coming into contact with sewage, the presence of decomposing objects, and mixing with agricultural waste and chemicals. Consuming water with such impurities can lead to numerous illnesses and ailments, including cholera, typhoid, and dysentery. But there are a few ways to avoid such problems, water filtration systems being one of the best.
What Is Water Filtration?
Water filtration refers to the process of eradicating unwanted and potentially harmful impurities and contaminants from water. Most water filters get rid of physical, biological, radiological, or chemical elements. That means your water filtration system is designed to deal with a wide array of impurities, including chlorine and chloramines, carcinogens, lead, sand and silt sediments, and microorganisms like bacteria. Therefore, these systems are ideal for anyone that needs healthy, better-tasting water in their homes.
Common Water Filtration Systems
There are many different water filtration systems available today. The most common that you can take advantage of at home include the following.
1. Absorption filtration systems
Absorption water filtration systems use carbon-based minerals placed in a matrix with pits and pores, otherwise known as activated carbon, to absorb impurities. That is why they are also known as carbon filters. They are incredibly effective at removing chlorine and unwanted tastes and odors from drinking water. But you can also use them to block microbiological contaminants and metals like lead. Top-shelf carbon filters go as far as removing mercury, arsenic, radon, and asbestos.
2. Mechanical filtration systems
Mechanical water filters come with barriers like mesh filters or cartridges, designed to primarily eliminate larger particles and sediments such as sand, organic matter, and loose scale. And, when you combine them with any other type of filter, their usefulness amplifies to the extent that they can deal with finer impurities like iron and hydrogen sulfide. Typical mechanical filtration systems have micron ratings that help you determine the particle sizes they can handle. Most people prefer these filters because they are affordable and easier to set up.
3. Reverse osmosis filtration systems
In reverse osmosis (RO) filtration, water gets forced through a semipermeable membrane designed primarily for water treatment. As water goes through any of these membranes, impurities and contaminants are trapped and flushed out, leaving you with clean, quality water for consumption. The impressive filtration capability of RO water filters can eradicate harmful compounds like phosphate, cyanide, mercury, arsenic, and lead.